Millions of people have an intellectual disability today. These people face many inexplicable challenges according to several studies. In fact, most of them can hardly take care of themselves, let alone make ends meet. However, a significant percentage of individuals with intellectual disability live in community-based organizations.
Persons who are considered to be intellectually disabled have an IQ of 50 to 70. The signs of intellectual disability may appear during infancy. Some signs become noticeable when children are in their school age. Persons with intellectual disability experience seizures, autism, anxiety, vision or hearing problems, or delay in development while growing. These kinds of persons find it difficult to think logically and learn fast like other people. Individuals with intellectual disability exhibit lack of self-determination and difficulty in memory recall. Besides, most of them can’t solve simple problems.
There are various causes of intellectual disability we should know. These includes the following:
Problems during pregnancies: Drug use, excessive alcohol intake, malnutrition and infections during pregnancy may affect the fetal brain development of a child.
Childbirth issues: Children born prematurely or deprived of oxygen may experience intellectual disability.
Injury or Illness: Severe head injury, measles, whooping cough and meningitis may lead to intellectual disability.
Some children with an intellectual disability don’t develop this sickness through the causes mentioned above. The causes of intellectual disability in some people are still unknown. In any case, various ways we can help individuals with intellectual disability live a healthy life are as follows:
Job Coaching: Individuals with intellectual disability face many challenges, one of which is employment. You can join a support organization like Best Buddies. You can also coach intellectually disabled persons on regular programs and job skills. This training will help them at different stages of life.
Create Job Opportunities: Persons with an intellectual disability find it difficult to get a job. We can help by creating jobs for them. Intellectually disabled people are great assets in the pharmaceutical field. These people can work as a salesperson for the drugs they have used. We can employ them as accountants, statistician or computer support specialists, too. There are trade schools where these individuals can start their career in numerous fields.
Volunteer: Help people with intellectual disability live a meaningful life by supporting them. You can support a family with intellectually disabled child or children in your neighborhood or community. Your help will go a long way in building that child’s life. Volunteer to educate them vocational skills and maximize their potentials. Doing so will help them live a happier and meaningful life.
Provide Basic Needs: Some intellectually disabled persons do not have the basic necessity of life. Some are homeless and faced with malnutrition. We can help them by providing residential services or donating food to individuals who have an intellectual disability. You can support also them with cash donations, clothes, and food. Such assistance will go a long way in assisting them. Parents with intellectually disabled children can get help from support organizations as well.
Empowerment Through Skills: People with intellectual disability have a delay in memory recall but are intelligent when properly taught. It is important to teach them life skills related to their daily living. It will make them self-reliance and improve self-care. These kinds of people can acquire skills in various fields like computer programming, accounting, broadcasting technology, design, illustration, photography and culinary arts.
Help Through Teaching Programs: It’s difficult and challenging to educate intellectually disabled individuals because they have a problem with memory recall. Through education, persons with intellectual disability will achieve a lot in various aspect of their life. With an excellent teaching program and curriculum, individuals with an intellectual deficit will continue to learn. It is essential to add skills to their settings like going for field trips.
Many teaching strategies can be followed to help intellectually disabled people to learn quickly. Teaching them an activity gradually and explaining each step of the concept one-by-one can help them memorize the topic. Use short sentences when talking to them to enhance understanding. You should teach in small groups or educate them individually if possible. It is essential to present many opportunities to them, especially those that can improve their skills in different ways. Make sure you don’t shout on them when talking to them. And if possible, repeat yourself to enhance their learning process. Always remember to make gestures when giving feedbacks.
Assign Tasks to Them: When you assign tasks to them, it keeps them busy. It will help them improve their thinking and logical skills. Children with intellectual disability are asked to identify items or colors. Teaching them about materials using context is important. It is important for them to carry out tasks assigned to them step by step. It will help them learn quickly.
Educate Them on Health Care: It is important to educate people with an intellectual disability how to take care of themselves. Teaching them personal hygiene like covering their mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, or washing their hands and other dental care will help them become self-independence.
Help Through Support Organizations: We can help people with intellectual disability live a meaningful life by joining support groups. Numerous non-profit organizations provide assistance to intellectually disabled individuals through learning programs, including one-on-one friendship, education, vocational skills, rehabilitation, residential services, and employment opportunities. Tutoring them about road safety rules and precautions is an excellent way of educating them, too.
Empowerment Through Sports: We can help individuals with an intellectual disability to live a meaningful life by encouraging them to participate in sporting activities. When properly trained, these persons can compete with their counterparts in international Paralympics, Olympic games for the disabled.
Now, persons with intellectual disability should not be isolated. The right thing to do is identifying the cause of their challenges and educating ourselves on the possible ways to care for them. Institutions, which support intellectually challenged people, need our help and support to care for the disabled. These individuals need our love and support. And showing them that we care is all that matters.
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