We have all heard of malaria, typhoid, cholera, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), and much more. But have you heard of the new rave in town called Zika Virus? Zika virus is prevalent around the world, mostly in Brazil, Uganda, and now recently America. Zika virus has been reported in the United States in the past few years. And a particular state where Zika virus is prevalent is Florida. The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in one of their reports published online have advised many people to stay away from Florida and its environs for some. Traveling there for vacation or residency is quite risky right now because you might be at risk of contracting Zika Virus.
What is Zika Virus?
Zika virus is a flavivirus transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquito. In other words, the virus is mosquito-borne. It was first identified in Uganda in 1947 when a team of researchers monitored yellow fever in monkeys. Later, it was discovered in humans in 1952 in Ugandan and the United Republic of Tanzania. Right now, outbreaks of Zika virus have been recorded and are still being recorded in Asia, Africa, America, and the Pacific.
Signs and Symptoms of Zika Virus
Just like all other diseases, Zika virus also comes with signs and symptoms. We are of the opinion it is pertinent for you to know the signs and symptoms. We believe knowing these signs and symptoms will help you identify if you or others might have contracted the dreaded Zika virus. Here are some signs and symptoms you should be aware of:
- Fever: As soon as you notice your temperature increasing, consider visiting a doctor. Yes, many other illnesses can cause fever. Zika virus is one of them as well. So, to be on the safer side, we advise you to contact a qualified medical practitioner.
- Rashes: Having rashes is one of the most annoying things ever. Your body will itch continuously. If you notice this symptom, you might have contracted Zika virus.
- Muscle pain: Muscle ache is one of the most common things anybody can experience. You can even get it when you exercise vigorously without adequately stretching your muscles. However, if you know there is no basis for you to feel joint pain, see a doctor as soon as possible.
- Conjunctivitis: This is also called red eyes. If you rub your eyes too much, you might get red eyes. However, if the red eyes you have comes with pain or difficulty with vision, contact a medical practitioner.
How people contract Zika virus
To be adequately informed, you need to know how people get this dreaded virus as well. Below are some of the common ways:
- Mosquito bite: Since Aedes mosquito transmits Zika virus, it is only logical that a bite by this category of mosquito can make anybody contact the virus.
- Sexual intercourse: Once people are infected with Zika virus, their blood becomes infected as well. Thus, having sex with an infected person can lead to you also having Zika virus.
- Infection during pregnancy: A pregnant woman with Zika virus can infect the fetus in her womb. The effect is that the child might be born with some congenital disabilities.
Zika virus is feared because that there is no vaccine or medicine to cure it. Research is still ongoing to find its cure. But before scientists can help us get an antidote for Zika virus, it is vital that we educate ourselves about this deadly virus and how to prevent it.
Photo Credit: CNN